A crossbow is a bow that is mounted on a stock with a trigger. It shoots arrows that are commonly referred to as bolts. The crossbow was popularized in medieval times when bolts were said to penetrate medieval chain mail protective covering. History has proved this weapon is a highly efficient weapon. However, crossbows nowadays are used for hunting game or recreational target shooting. Depending on the type or material used, bolts shot from a crossbow can travel great distances with considerably high accuracy. The draw weight, power stroke, and crossbolt weight and type of tip used (field point or broadhead) has significant affects on the the distance it can travel. Under normal conditions, this weapon can shoot bolts reaching up to 40 yards, this reality varies from crossbow to crossbow.
Through the course of its development, experienced hunters and marksmen have engineered various ways to increase its projectile speed. They seek to increase the distance the bolts can reach. Also, along with these developments, these hunters have added to it various features to increase stability for better accuracy and precision. This also have an indirect effect on the projectile distance that this tool can take.
The two main types of this tool vary in this aspect. A recurve crossbow contain a metal prod called laths. These laths are pulled back which triggers the release of the bolt. The draw weight of this cross ranges from 120-200 pounds. This heavy draw weight might place severe strain on the user’s upper body. Nonetheless, this draw weight provides stability and high firing speed to the equipment. The tip of it points away from the shooter. This enables the bolts to gain more speed as it travels. Meanwhile, the other type also contains a lath but has wheels attached to it. This improves the firing process of this tool. Also, this tool has a cable and pulley systems which in the firing process, increasing stored energy and a more powerful delivery.
External factors can also have great affects on an arrows distance and speed. These factors are but not limited to air temperature, the shooters experience, weather (rain or sunshine, wind), elevation, and the list goes on. With temperature, cold weather usually causes items flying through the air to fly at slower rates than that of those flying in warmer temperatures. This is also true with elevation. At higher elevations, arrows tend to float in the air and fly faster and further than in those shot at lower elevations where the air is thicker. The most important external factor that influences the flight, in distance, or an arrow is the shooters experience with shooting crossbows. A person with experience can more accurately determine the angle in which to get the most power and energy out of the crossbow. A novice will have yet to develop this great knowledge as it is a true instinct.